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- Ultimate Aquacare
Alkalinity is essential and has the ability to neutralise acid fluctuations which occur on a daily basis. The capability of your aquarium to be able to do this greatly relies upon the concentration of carbonates and bicarbonates. CO32-(aq) reacts with the increased H+(aq) in order to form HCO3–(aq) which helps keep pH around 8.1-8.5. If Alkalinity levels are low then pH fluctuations will occur more frequently. Recommended Alkalinity levels are from 125 to 215 ppm (7.0 to 12.0 dKH).