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The cherry barb, Puntius titteya, is a tropical fish belonging to the spotted barb genus of the Cyprinidae family. It is native to Sri Lanka, and introduced populations have become established in Mexico and Colombia. The cherry barb was named Puntius titteya by Paules Edward Pieris Deraniyagala in 1929. Synonyms include Barbus titteya and Capoeta titteya.
The cherry barb is an elongated fish with a relatively compressed body. It reaches 5 cm in length. It is fawn-colored on top with a slight greenish sheen. Its sides and belly have gleaming silver highlights. A horizontal stripe extends from the tip of the snout through the eye to the base of the caudal fin. It is brown- or blue-black with a metallic edge, turning to blue or sea green toward the tail. The male is more red than the female, becoming deep red when breeding. The dominant male often has the brightest red color. The female is lighter, with yellowish fins.